What is SQL Injection?
SQL Injection is a type of cyber attack where an attacker manipulates input fields to inject malicious SQL code into a query. The intention is to exploit vulnerabilities in an application's code and potentially gain unauthorized access to its underlying database. This can lead to data breaches, unauthorized data access, and even data loss.
Unsanitized User Inputs: When user inputs are not properly sanitized before being used in SQL queries, attackers can manipulate these inputs to inject malicious code.
Concatenation of Queries: Constructing SQL queries by concatenating strings with user inputs can lead to vulnerabilities. If not properly handled, an attacker can insert malicious input that alters the query's intended behavior.
Inadequate Data Validation: Lacking proper input validation allows attackers to enter unexpected data that could exploit weaknesses in your application's SQL statements.
Parameterized Queries: Use parameterized queries or prepared statements to separate user inputs from the query itself. This prevents attackers from injecting malicious code into the query.
Input Validation: Implement thorough input validation to ensure that user inputs match expected formats and types. Reject or sanitize inputs that don't meet these criteria.
Escape User Inputs: Utilize escaping functions provided by libraries or frameworks to escape special characters within user inputs before using them in queries.
ORMs (Object-Relational Mappers): Consider using ORM libraries like Sequelize or TypeORM, which abstract away SQL queries and provide built-in security mechanisms.
Stored Procedures: Utilize stored procedures on the database side to encapsulate query logic. This limits direct manipulation of SQL queries from the client side.
Web Application Firewall (WAF): Employ a WAF to monitor and filter incoming traffic, detecting and blocking potential SQL Injection attempts.